The history of watercolor is linked to the invention of paper in China -100 years before Christ. The new discovery first arrives in Arab areas to settle in Italy from the thirteenth century.
There begin the first sketches, through the technique of “fresh”. These works are seen in depth in the Sistine Chapel, where paintings are observed on a layer of fresh plaster.
The history of watercolor teaches us that the distinctive features of this marvelous technique, fall on the light stroke of his drawings, and the use of soft colors and colors.
Some specialists in the history of watercolor, consider the Italian Rafael Santi (1483 – 1520) as the first artist to use the technique of watercolor. Others position the name of the German Alberto Durero (1471 – 1528) as the one who brought the method to fame.
Concerned about the development of nature, the animals for Diirer were his fetish object. His best known work is called “La Liebre”, made in 1502.
In Germany the first watercolor school is promoted, directed by Hans Bol (1534 – 1593). And centuries later, in 1804, the British Society of Painters of Watercolors emerged in England, which sought to defend the realism of its style.
And if we refer to England, we must think of Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1850). Considered one of the most famous watercolourists, maker of a style influenced by the characteristic romanticism of the S. XVIII, the devotion to nature takes shape in each of its strokes.
The style he uses gives strength to what was known until then. His work exhibits extraordinary facts about nature and the impact it has on English society, such as “The Daredevil Towed a Dry Dock” (1839) or “The Fire of the House of Lords and Commons” (1853). Movement is the concept that emerges from your drawings.
Turner is considered the great master of watercolor, thanks to his realistic style and precursor of the era. His legacy was fundamental for the successive generations of English pictorial artists.
In other countries of Europe, watercolor was not a widely used technique, although several contemporary artists (such as Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso) have made works under their stamp.
The watercolors on the Divine Comedy that Dalí made in 1957, at the request of the Government of Italy, are one of the “most interesting projects of my career”, according to the author’s own voice.